Trichology is the branch of medicine which deals with the disease related to hair and scalp. Our doctor Dr. Arnav Mukherjee is having around 12 years of experience in the field of Medical Trichology. He worked with renowned national and international trichology brands. He has done Post-Graduate Diploma in Medical Trichology (PGDMT), Griefswald University, Germany.
There are many types of scalp hair loss, differ in men and women. Studies show that losing up to 100-150 hairs per day is normal. Human hair naturally grows in three phases: anagen, catagen, and telogen. Anagen is the active or growing phase. Catagen is resting phase and Telogen is falling phase, once the hairs come into the falling phase, hair falls off. Normall about 10-20% of the whole of the scalp hairs stays at the resting phase and these hairs falls off.
1.Generalised or Diffuse hairloss or Telogen effluvium.
5.Androgenic or Androgenetic alopecia (Male-pattern or Female-pattern Baldness).
Androgenetic Alopecia or Male or Female pattern baldness is irreversible kind of hairloss. Hairs does not come from the bald areas of the scalp. It is a progressive kind of hairloss and if proper treatment is not taken at the proper time then total baldness might happen in a very short period of time.
General or diffuse hairloss or Telogen effluvium is based upon the cause of the ailment. Once the cause is treated effectively by proper medication, the condition will get rectified. Otherwise Telogen Effluvium also take the shape of permanent baldness if persists for long time un-resolved.
Lifestyle change is needed for traction alopecia. Change in the basic cause for Traction is not there condition can be resolved.
The basic cause for Trichotillomania is depression or anxiety. The condition can recover once the root cause of resolved effectively. As the condition is entirely psychogenic, prompt and effective treatment is requrired.
Tinea Capitis is generally acute fungal disease of the scalp. But in untreated for long time or mal-treated by some topical steriodal or anti-fungal application, which the particular patient is hyper-sensitive, might develop permanent damage of the hairfollicles causing Scarring or Cicatrical Alopecia Areata.
Alopecia areata is a hair-loss condition which usually affects the scalp. It can sometimes affect other areas of the body. Current evidence suggests that alopecia areata is caused by an abnormality in the immune system. This particular abnormality leads to autoimmunity. Biopsies of affected skin show immune cells inside of the hair follicles where they are not normally present. Alopecia areata is sometimes associated with other autoimmune conditions such as allergic disorders, thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. Sometimes, alopecia areata occurs within family members, suggesting a role of genes and heredity.
Alopecia areata is most of the time self-limiting. If the alopecia areata spot is increasing in size or the number that means the disease is in aggravating mode and if prompt treatment is not given then alopecia areata can take a shape of Alopecia Totalis, where almost entire scalp hair is lost. The might take the shape of Alopecia Universalis; where almost whole of the body’s hair is lost. These cases are very difficult to cure.
The conventional treatment is very limited for the treatment of Alopecia areata, as it is a auto-immune disorder. Continuous intake of the conventional medication which includes immune-suppressor drugs and systemic or topical steroid might cause short or long-term side effects.
It has been seen that topical or injectable steroids might cause Scarring or Cicatrical Alopecia areata, where the hairfollicles are permanently damaged not having any chance of hair-regrowth.
It is a very common form of skin eczema that occurs in parts of the body with high oil (sebum) production. Body areas that are commonly affected include the scalp, ears, face, chest, and folds of skin, such as the underarms or the skin below breasts or overhanging abdominal folds.
One common manifestation of seborrhea that affects the scalp is dandruff. Scalp seborrhea can also present as thick, flaky, localized patches of scale. Often, scalp seborrhea doesn't even itch significantly.
Scalp seborrhea or dandruff if persists for long time might cause temporary to permanent follicular damage resultant into hairloss. Dandruff if persisted for long time might infect to the other parts of the body where ever there is sebaceous gland or hair bearing areas of the body.
Conventional treatment from seborrhea is some anti-fungal or steroidal topical or oral medication, which always gives some temporary result, does not have any permanent solution and disease comes into its original condtion as soon as the action of the medication is over and these drugs are having its own side effects.
We diagnose each and every case of hair loss prior to start the treatment. There are about 55 types of different kinds of hair loss. The prognosis or outcome of treatment for each disease is different from other. So diagnosis is very important for each case. To diagnose, we use very high-end instruments, by which we can pin-point the diagnosis. We use Video-microscope, UV magnifier, Woodslamp etc. Once we come to the specific diagnosis, we put our patients in specific treatment protocol for speedy recovery.
As we said earlier that the treatment protocol for each hair loss case is different, once we diagnose the disease condition, we put our patients in specific treatment protocol.
Our Treatment Protocols are of 2 types, -
- Classical Homeopathic Medication, DHT-blocker homeopathic medicine - which does not have any side effects, immuno-booster homeopathic medicines, Formulated Scalp vitalizers - for possible hair re-growth (where possible).
- Light Therapy - Swiss Polarized Ray Therapy & Low-wave Laser Therapy.
- Meso-therapy - No-needle Electroporosis Method.
- Stem-Cell Therapy
- Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy.
Combination of Formulated Medications and Specialized Hair and Scalp Therapy improves the hair and scalp disorders, rejuvinates the hair follicles, repair the diseased scalp in very short period of time.